Cuba History Timeline Events
June 3, 1955
From 14 November 1954, under the leadership of the distinguished and admired Revolutionary War veteran Cosme de la Torriente and attorney José Miró Cardona, SAR (Sociedad Amigos de la República, Society of Friends of the Republic) forged broad support for opposition to the Batista Regime through constitutional means and political negotiation.
On 3 June 1955 the organization published the SAR Manifesto (Manifiesto de la Sociedad Amigos de la República) rejecting revolutionary violence to resolve the political crisis. This was signed by representatives of the two major parties: Auténticos (also known as Partido Revolucionario Cubano, PRC) and Ortodoxos (also known as Partido del Pueblo Cubano, PPC), and by three other parties (Jorge Mañach’s Movimiento de la Nación, Partido Demócrata, and Amalio Fiallo’s Catholic Youth Movimiento de Liberación Radical).